Thursday, March 20, 2014

New AVENGERS 2, GUARDIANS OF THE GALAXY Concept Art by Charlie Wen, Andy Park and Others

Thursday, March 20, 2014 - by Maurice Mitchell 4

Avengers: Age of Ultron (2015) Iron Man vs. Hulk concept art
Check out Avengers: Age of Ultron and Guardians of the Galaxy concept art by Charlie Wen and Andy Park!

Update: Added another low-res image

We finally have the Hulkbuster armor! Artist Adi Granov said there would be no "Hulkbuster" armor in Avengers, but when Iron Man 3 was being promoted, they released concept art of a brutish armor that many assumed was the famous suit Stark used to fight the Hulk. Turns out it was just a construction suit named "Igor" used to hold things up. But we finally have a real suit of Hulkbuster armor in Avengers 2 and it's even better than I expected!

On Tuesday, ABC aired a special called Marvel Studios: Assembling a Universe which gave a behind-the-scenes look at the making of the Marvel films since Iron Man. It's been called the "Marvel Cinematic Universe" for creating an interconnected universe of Marvel characters. As part of the special Marvel released some incredible concept art including the Hulkbuster armor. Also, notice Quicksilver is blasting through an army of Ultron's robots. At least two of the artists are Charlie Wen and Andy Park.

Charlie Wen and Andy Park are professional concept artists working for Marvel on blockbuster films like Thor: The Dark World (2013), Guardians of the Galaxy (2014) and Marvel's The Avengers (2012).

Click to enlarge the images.


Charles Wen
Andy Park

Unknown
 
 


See more of Charlie Wen's marvelous portfolio at charliewen.typepad.com and Andy Park's awesome illustrations at andyparkart.com.

Click on the links if you want to see more of Charlie Wen and Andy Park's work, Avengers: Age of Ultron or Guardians of the Galaxy on my blog.

What do you think of the concept art? Are you looking forward to Avengers: Age of Ultron and Guardians of the Galaxy?

Official Guardians of the Galaxy Summary
From Marvel, the studio that brought you the global blockbuster franchises of Iron Man, Thor, Captain America and The Avengers, comes a new team--the Guardians of the Galaxy. An action-packed, epic space adventure, Marvel's "Guardians of the Galaxy" expands the Marvel Cinematic Universe into the cosmos, where brash adventurer Peter Quill finds himself the object of an unrelenting bounty hunt after stealing a mysterious orb coveted by Ronan, a powerful villain with ambitions that threaten the entire universe. To evade the ever-persistent Ronan, Quill is forced into an uneasy truce with a quartet of disparate misfits--Rocket, a gun-toting raccoon; Groot, a tree-like humanoid; the deadly and enigmatic Gamora; and the revenge-driven Drax the Destroyer. But when Quill discovers the true power of the orb and the menace it poses to the cosmos, he must do his best to rally his ragtag rivals for a last, desperate stand--with the galaxy's fate in the balance.
Directed by James Gunn
Production Design by Charles Wood
Starring: Chris Pratt, Zoe Saldana, Dave Bautista, Lee Pace, Michael Rooker, Karen Gillan, Djimon Hounsou, Benicio del Toro, John C. Reilly, Glenn Close
Release date: August 1, 2014 (USA)

Official Avengers: Age of Ultron Summary
The Avengers must assemble to combat the threat of Ultron!
Directed by Joss Whedon
Cinematography by Ben Davis
Starring: Robert Downey, Jr., Chris Hemsworth, Mark Ruffalo, Chris Evans, Scarlett Johansson, Jeremy Renner, Samuel L. Jackson, Aaron Taylor-Johnson, Elizabeth Olsen, James Spader
Release date: May 1, 2015 (USA)
Official Site: http://marvel.com
© Copyright 2015 Marvel Studios, Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures. All rights reserved


About the Author

Maurice Mitchell
Lover of science fiction and art.

4 comments:

  1. They all look great! I'm interested in how they will portray Quicksilver and Scarlet Witch.

    ReplyDelete
  2. Awesome art work! I'm looking forward to both Avengers movies this year, plus Captain America. :) It's a good year for action flick and comic book movie lovers. :)

    ReplyDelete
  3. Cool Satanic as FUCK !!!. God is Green. Americans don't understand reality so life is cartoon. HAIL SATAN and Baphomet.

    ReplyDelete

Tag Cloud

conceptart (608) Movie (604) StoryBoards (123) Television (69) Interview (58) Matthew Savage (44) Matthew-Savage (44) Flashback-Friday (38) starwars (36) Video (35) Ralph_McQuarrie (31) Avengers (26) Batman (24) Thor (24) Andy-Park (23) SpiderMan (21) xmen (21) Superman (20) CaptainAmerica (19) Guardians-of-the-Galaxy (19) series_AZchallenge2012 (19) StarTrek (18) Jerad_S_Marantz (17) Pacific-Rim (16) Planet_of_the_Apes (16) Thor-the-Dark-World (16) Ed_Natividad (15) IronMan3 (15) Josh-Nizzi (15) series_AZchallenge2013 (15) Profile (14) Ryan_Meinerding (14) Transformers (14) Alien (13) Andy-Poon (13) Charles Wen (13) DoctorWho (13) Godzilla (13) IronMan (13) Man-of-Steel (13) Michael Kutsche (13) TheAmazingSpiderman (13) Avengers-Age-Ultron (12) H.R.Giger (12) Arrow (11) Dawn_Brown (11) FantasticFour (11) GreenLantern (11) Ryan_Church (11) Tim_Flattery (11) Tron (11) Warren_Manser (11) Andrew_Probert (10) James_Carson (10) Nathan Schroeder (10) Nathan-Schroeder (10) Phillip-Boutte (10) Star-Trek (10) Terminator (10) TheDarkKnightRises (10) flash (10) Andy Park (9) BattlestarGalactica (9) Captain-America-the-Winter-Soldier (9) George Hull (9) Jamie_Rama (9) Jean Moebius Giraud (9) Phil Saunders (9) Review (9) Rodolfo_Damaggio (9) Star-Trek-Into-Darkness (9) TheHungerGames (9) Xmen-Days-Future-Past (9) Aaron Sims (8) Akira (8) Amazing-Spiderman-2 (8) Christian_Lorenz_Scheurer (8) Doug-Chiang (8) Godzilla-2014 (8) Hulk (8) Iain McCaig (8) Jamie Rama (8) John Gallagher (8) John_Eaves (8) Josh Nizzi (8) Jurassic-Park (8) Patrick-Tatopoulos (8) Ralph McQuarrie (8) Robert McCallum (8) Star-Wars (8) Syd_Mead (8) TheAvengers (8) Tim_Burgard (8) XMen-First-Class (8) Constantine Sekeris (7) James Carson (7) James Iles (7) Joe Johnston (7) JohnCarterofMars (7) Miles_Teves (7) Peter_Rubin (7) Robert_O_Simons (7) Rodney-Fuentebella (7) Ron-Mendell (7) Steve Jung (7) The-Wolverine (7) TheFifthElement (7) Transformers_Age_Extinction (7) Ant-Man (6) Captain-America-First-Avenger (6) Christopher-S-Ross (6) Dawn_Planet_of_the_Apes (6) Doug Chiang (6) Edge-Tomorrow (6) Iron-Man-2 (6) IronMan1 (6) JacktheGiantKiller (6) Joshua-Min (6) Keith-Christensen (6) Nathan Crowley (6) News (6) Robert_McKinnon (6) Ron Cobb (6) Star-Wars-Episode-I-Phantom-Menace (6) Star-Wars-Episode-III-Revenge-of-the-Sith (6) Star-Wars-Episode-V-Empire-Strikes-Back (6) Victor Martinez (6) Victor-Martinez (6) Warren Drummond (6) announcement (6) Avatar (5) Battleship (5) Ben-Mauro (5) Ben-Procter (5) Benton Jew (5) Craig_Shoji (5) Daredevil (5) Dave_Lowery (5) Federico-D'Alessadro (5) GI-Joe-Retaliation (5) Gabriel_Hardman (5) Jackson-Sze (5) Jock (5) Justin_Sweet (5) Mark Jock Simpson (5) Martin Mercer (5) Matrix (5) Maze-Runner (5) Neville_Page (5) RealSteel (5) Richard_Bennett (5) Robocop (5) Star-Wars-Episode-VI-Return-of-the-Jedi (5) Star-Wars-Force-Awakens (5) TMNT (5) TheThing (5) Tron-Legacy (5) XMEN-Origins-Wolverine (5) XMen-Last-Stand (5) A.I. (4) Adi Granov (4) Adrien-Van-Viersen (4) BacktotheFuture (4) Batman-Robin (4) BladeRunner (4) Cesar_Lemus (4) Chris Foss (4) Chris-Foss (4) Craig Shoji (4) David Vyle Levy (4) Fabian Lacey (4) FantasticFour2 (4) Federico D’Alessandro (4) Grimm (4) Inception (4) James-Iles (4) Jared-Krichevsky (4) Jim-Martin (4) Jim-Rothwell (4) John-Gallagher (4) Jonathan-Bach (4) JudgeDredd (4) Julian-Caldow (4) Jurassic-World (4) Kasra Farahani (4) MIB (4) Mark-Crash-McCreery (4) Marvels-Agents-of-SHIELD (4) Milena-Zdravkovic (4) Milena_Zdravkovic (4) Oz-Great-Powerful (4) Philippe-Gaulier (4) Predator (4) Raj_Rihal (4) Rise-of-the-planet-of-apes (4) Robocop-2014 (4) Ryan Church (4) Scott-Lukowski (4) SpiderMan-3 (4) Stan-Winston (4) Star-Trek-Motion-Picture (4) Star-Wars-VII (4) StoryboardArtist (4) Superman-Returns (4) Teenage-Mutant-Ninja-Turtles (4) Teenage-Mutant-Ninja-Turtles-2014 (4) TheDarkKnight (4) Tim Burton (4) Vance_Kovacs (4) 2001-Space-Odyssey (3) Aaron-Beck (3) AfterEarth (3) Alex Mandra (3) Aliens (3) Andree-Wallin (3) Book_Review (3) Brian_Cunningham (3) Captain-America-Civil-War (3) Claude_Pare (3) Collin Grant (3) CowboysandAliens (3) DVD (3) Dan Walker (3) Daniel-J-Cox (3) Daphne_Yap (3) Darrin-Denlinger (3) David Krentz (3) David Russell (3) David_J_Negron_Jr (3) Dean Sheriff (3) Dean-Sherriff (3) Dermot Power (3) Divergent (3) Doug-Williams (3) Dune (3) Dylan-Cole (3) Eddie Yang (3) Elysium (3) Emmanuel-Shiu (3) Enders-Game (3) Exclusive (3) Falling-Skies (3) Fantastic-Four-2015 (3) Feng Zhu (3) Firefly (3) G.I.Joe (3) GI-Joe (3) Guy Hendrix Dyas (3) Harald-Belker (3) Henry-Fong (3) Hugo-Martin (3) Hunger-Games-Catching-Fire (3) Jaimie_Rama (3) James_Cameron (3) James_Clyne (3) Jeff-Julian (3) Joe-Quesada (3) Jon-McCoy (3) Jupiter-Ascending (3) Ken-Barthelmey (3) Kev-Jenkins (3) KingKong (3) Mad-Max (3) Mad-Max-Fury-Road (3) Mark Goerner (3) Master-Universe (3) Matt Jeffries (3) Maze-Runner-2 (3) Neuromancer (3) Nilo-Rodis-Jamero (3) Oblivion (3) Opinion (3) Patrick-Janicke (3) Peter-Popken (3) Peter-Pound (3) Production_Designer (3) Raymond-Prado (3) Richard_S_Lee (3) Rob-Bliss (3) Robert_T_McCall (3) Rodolfo Damaggio (3) Scott_Patton (3) Set_Designer (3) Star-Trek-II (3) Star-Wars-II-Attack-Clones (3) Steve-Burg (3) Super8 (3) Sylvain Despretz (3) TerraNova (3) TotalRecall (3) Transformers_2 (3) Trevor-Goring (3) Tully_Summers (3) Wayne-Haag (3) Aeon-Flux (2) Alex Jaeger (2) Alex-Hillkurtz (2) Allen-Williams (2) Alt Altiner (2) Amy-Umezu (2) Andrea-Dopaso (2) Andy-Chung (2) Animatics (2) Anthony-Francisco (2) Back-to-Future-II (2) Batman-Begins (2) Batman-v-Superman (2) Black-Hole (2) Bobby Chui (2) Brian Froud (2) Charles-Ratterray (2) Charlie-Wen (2) Chris-Buchinsky (2) Christian-Pearce (2) Cloverfield (2) Dan Fraga (2) Daniel-Simon (2) David_J_Negron (2) Dominic-Lavery (2) EJ_Krisor (2) ET_the_Extra-Terrestrial (2) Eric-Ramsey (2) Fausto-De-Martini (2) Felipe-Sanchez (2) Francesco-Corvino (2) Frank-Hong (2) Goran-Bukvic (2) Gravity (2) Guy-Davis (2) Harry-Lange (2) Henrik Tamm (2) Henrik_Tamm (2) Heroes (2) House-Monsters (2) HowTo (2) Howard Swindell (2) I-Am-Legend (2) Ian-Joyner (2) Insurgent (2) Interstellar (2) James Oxford (2) James_Lima (2) John-Bell (2) Justin_Fields (2) Kelton-Cram (2) Maciej-Kuciara (2) Mauro-Borelli (2) Mentor Huebner (2) Michael-Anthony-Jackson (2) Michele_Moen (2) Minority-Report (2) Nathaniel West (2) Nuttavut-Baiphowongse (2) Oliver-Pron (2) Paul Powers (2) Paul Rubin (2) Paul_Christopher (2) Paul_Ozzimo (2) Pete Von Sholly (2) Pete-Thompson (2) Peter-Ellenshaw (2) Peter_McKinstry (2) Predators (2) Prometheus (2) Raj Rihal (2) Ray-Harryhausen (2) Reid Southen (2) Retro (2) Ricardo-Delgado (2) Ricardo_Delgado (2) Robert-Consing (2) Sangjun-Lee (2) Scorch-Trials (2) Set_Design (2) Shawna_Trpcic (2) Simon-Murton (2) SpiderMan-2 (2) Star-Wars-Episode-IV- A-New-Hope (2) Stargate (2) Steffen-Reichstadt (2) Stephan-Martiniere (2) Steve Johnson (2) Steve Skroce (2) Steve-Jung (2) SuckerPunch (2) SuperMarioBro (2) Superman-1978 (2) Superman-Flyby (2) Terminator-Genisys (2) Terminator-Salvation (2) TheHungerGames-4 (2) Tom-Nelson (2) Transcendence (2) TyRuben-Ellingson (2) Vance Kovacs (2) Warren-Flanagan (2) Warren_Flanagan (2) Wayne Barlowe (2) Wes-Louie (2) Wesley Burt (2) XMen-Age-Apocalypse (2) costume-design (2) 20000-Leagues-Under-Sea (1) 2017 (1) 300-Rise-Empire (1) 3D (1) Aaron-Sims-Company (1) Adam-Kuczek (1) Alan_Lee (1) Alec-Gillis (1) Alex Bradley (1) Alex-Tavoularis (1) Alex-Toader (1) Alex_Liclican (1) Alex_Tornberg (1) Alfonso-de-la-Torre (1) Alies_v_Predator (1) Alp-Altiner (1) Andrew-H-Leung (1) Andrew-Kim (1) Andy-Gaskill (1) Annis-Naeem (1) Anson-Jew (1) Anthony-Jones (1) Anton Furst (1) Anton-Furst (1) Armageddon (1) Armstrong (1) Arnaud-Valette (1) Axel Eichhorst (1) Babylon-5 (1) Batman-1989 (1) Batman-Forever (1) Batman-Returns (1) BattlestarGalactica-2003 (1) BattlestarGalactica-78 (1) Benton-Jew (1) Bill-Kroyer (1) Bioshock (1) Birdman (1) Blu-Ray (1) Bo_Welch (1) Bob McCall (1) Bob-Ringwood (1) Brainstorm (1) Brazil (1) Brendan-McCarthy (1) Brent-Boates (1) Brian-Froud (1) Brian_Matyas (1) Brick Mason (1) BuckRogers (1) Buckaroo-Banzai (1) Byron-Crabbe (1) Cameron-Ward (1) Carlo-Rambaldi (1) Carlos-Huante (1) Carlos-Zaragoza (1) Cenay-Oekman (1) Chappie (1) Charles Chiodo (1) Chris Baker (1) Chris-Walas (1) Chris-Weston (1) Christopher_Hosey (1) Cloud Atlas (1) Cobra (1) Cocoon (1) Colie-Wertz (1) Conan (1) Court-Chu (1) Craig-Mullins (1) Dan-Schaefer (1) Daniel-Edery (1) Danny_Gardner (1) Darek_Gogol (1) Dark-City (1) Dave-Carson (1) Dave-Max (1) Dave-Stevens (1) David Hale (1) David-Allcock (1) David-Levy (1) David-MacLean (1) David-Warren (1) David-Yee (1) David_Allcock (1) Defiance (1) Denis-Rich (1) Derek-Meddings (1) Dinosaurs_v_Aliens (1) District-9 (1) Don-Peters (1) Doug-Brode (1) Douglas-Trumbull (1) Eddie-Del-Rio (1) Edvidge-Fain (1) Edward-Eyth (1) Edward-Thomas (1) Emiliano-Santalucia (1) Eric Rosenberg (1) Eric-Hilleary (1) Erich Kettelhut (1) Evan-Shipard (1) FAQ (1) Fantastic Four: Rise of the Silver Surfer storyboards by Darrin Denlinger (1) Fede-Ponce (1) Flash-Gordon (1) Forbidden-Planet (1) Frederick Mpuuga (1) Gage-Robot (1) GalaxyQuest (1) Gary Meyer (1) Gavin Rothery (1) Gavin_Bocquet (1) Geoffroy-Thoorens (1) Geofrey_Darrow (1) George_Jensen (1) Ghost_in_the_Shell_2017 (1) Grant_Major (1) Hancock (1) Hanna (1) Hao Wu (1) Harold-Michelson (1) Harper-Goff (1) Harrison_Ellenshaw (1) Havard S. Johansen (1) HeMan (1) Hercules (1) Home-Video (1) House (1) Howard-Lau (1) Hugo (1) Hunger-Games-Mockingjay-1 (1) Ian Joyner (1) Ian-Mcaig (1) Igor-Knezevic (1) Incredible-Hulk (1) Independence-Day (1) Indiana-Jones (1) Industry_Insights (1) Infinite (1) Ivor-Beddoes (1) Jack-Dudman (1) Jack-Kirby (1) James_Hambidge (1) Jamie-Jones (1) Jamie_Martin (1) Jane-Wu (1) Jason-Dunn (1) Jason-Horley (1) Jean-Claude-Mezieres (1) Jean-Francois Mignault (1) Jean-Paul-Gaultier (1) Jean-Pierre-Dorleac (1) Jeffrey-Errico (1) Jeremy_Bennett (1) Jerry-Rees (1) Jill-Thompson (1) Jim-Mitchell (1) Joel Chang (1) John-Coven (1) John-Greaves (1) John-Mann (1) Jonay_Bacallado (1) Jordu Schell (1) Josh-Herman (1) Josh-Kao (1) Josh-Sheppard (1) Justice-League-Mortal (1) Keith-Thompson (1) Keith-Wilson (1) Ken-Ralston (1) Kent-Matheson (1) Kevin-Eastman (1) Kevin-Kavanaugh (1) Kevin-Nowlan (1) Kurt-Kaufman (1) Kurtis_Richmond (1) LXG (1) Labyrinth (1) Lamin-Martin (1) Laurent-Ben-Mimoun (1) Leonard_Morganti (1) Lewis-Peake (1) Links (1) List (1) Literature (1) Logans-Run (1) Looper (1) Lost-World-Jurassic-Park (1) Luca-Nemolato (1) Lucy (1) Maciek-Piotrowski (1) Man-Thing (1) Man-Who-Killed-Don-Quixote (1) Manuel-Plank-Jorge (1) Mario-Larrinaga (1) Marjan-Mahdjoubi (1) Mark Lambert Bristol (1) Mark Taylor (1) Mark-Goerner (1) Mark_Rugman (1) Mark_Yang (1) Martin A Kline (1) Mathieu-Duchesne (1) Matrix-Reloaded (1) Matt-Busch (1) Matt-Codd (1) Matt_Leach (1) Maury_Ruiz (1) Mayes C. Rubeo (1) Meet-Dave (1) Meinhart-Hansen (1) Michael G. Ploog (1) Michael-Broom (1) Michael-Meyers (1) Michael-Pickwoad (1) Mike Worrall (1) Mike-Minor (1) Mike-Trim (1) Mimic (1) Mockingbird_Lane (1) Momentum (1) Moon (1) Morgan Yon (1) Morton-Haack (1) Mr-Peabody-Sherman (1) Naaman_Marshall (1) Nathaniel-West (1) Neverending-Story (1) Nicholas-Pelham (1) Nick-Ainsworth (1) Nigel-Phelps (1) Nikita Knatz (1) Norman_Garwood (1) Oscar-Chichoni (1) Outcasts (1) Patrice-Garcia (1) Patrick Campbell (1) Paul Gerrard (1) Paul-Huston (1) Paul-Tobin (1) Peggy_Chung (1) Peter-Ramsey (1) Philip-Keller (1) Philip-Norwood (1) Po-Sing-Chu (1) Predator-2 (1) Project-Almanac (1) Rafael Kayanan (1) Ray-Cusick (1) Ray-Lai (1) Richard-K-Buoen (1) Riddick (1) Ridley-Scott (1) Robert-Fletcher (1) Robert-Webb (1) Robert_Shaun_Williams (1) Robopocalypse (1) Robot-Frank (1) Robot-Jox (1) Rod-Knipping (1) Roger-Dear (1) Romek-Delimata (1) Ron Miller (1) Ruairi-Robinson (1) Sabrina_Contugo (1) Samuel-Michlap (1) San-Andreas (1) Scott-Chambliss (1) Sebastian-Meyer (1) Sebastien-Larroude (1) Seth_Engstrom (1) Shane-Mahan (1) Sherlock (1) Short-Circuit (1) Silent-Running (1) Silver-Surfer (1) Simeon_Wilkins (1) Simon-Webber (1) Simon_Duric (1) Simon_McGuire (1) Sin-City-2 (1) Snowpiercer (1) Spectral-Motion (1) SpeedRacer (1) Spiderman-4 (1) Stan-Fleming (1) Star-Trek-DS9 (1) Star-Trek-Discovery (1) Star-Trek-Next-Generation (1) Star-Trek-Phase-II (1) Star-Wars-Episode-II-Empire-Strikes-Back (1) Star-Wars-Rogue-One (1) Stephan-Dupuis (1) Stephen Ellis (1) Stephen-Dane (1) Stephen-Schirle (1) Steven_Spielberg (1) Stian-Dahlslett (1) Syd Mead (1) Sylvain-Despretz (1) Tangled (1) Tani-Kunitake (1) Ted_Boonthanakit (1) Teeniage-Mutant-Ninja-Turtles-2014 (1) Terminator-2 (1) Terminator-Sarah-Connor-Chronicles (1) Terry-Gilliam (1) Terryl-Whitlatch (1) Tex-Kadonaga (1) The-Fly (1) TheDarkCrystal (1) TheDarkestHour (1) TheLastStarfighter (1) TheOne (1) TheTrollHunters (1) Thom-Thenery (1) Thundercats (1) Tim-Browning (1) Tim-Croshaw (1) Timothy M. Earls (1) Todd Masters (1) Tom-Whitehouse (1) Tom-Woodruff-Jr (1) Tom_Zhao (1) Tommy-Lee-Edwards (1) Tomorrowland (1) Transformers_Dark_Moon (1) Tsutomu-Nihei (1) Tsvetomir-Georgiev (1) Tully Summers (1) Turo_Iwatani (1) UFO (1) Ul-De-Rico (1) Ultraviolet (1) UnionDues (1) Upside-Down (1) V (1) VforVendetta (1) Vicki-Pui (1) Vitaly-Bulgarov (1) Walter-Schulze-Mittendorff (1) WaroftheWorlds (1) Warren-Fu (1) Watchmen (1) WhoFearsDeath (1) Wil_Rees (1) William-Stout (1) Willow (1) Wilson-Tang (1) Wing-Commander (1) WonderWoman (1) X2-Xmen-United (1) Yvonne Muinde (1) animation (1) ave (1) kerry gammill (1) trick_Tatopoulos (1) vid (1) vintage (1) web (1)

Text Widget

The images featured are the property of the respective artists and companies. They are shown to feature and demonstrate the artistic talents of the artists. I'm not affiliated in any way. No implication of copyright is implied in their use.
© 2013 Film Sketchr. WP Theme-junkie converted by BloggerTheme9